To better understand the nature of imperfect competition is necessary to consider classification of market structures. As evidence, determine the shape of the market structure, consider the following: number of member firms in the industry, the nature of production, barriers to entry when entering into industry, the degree of control over price. It should be noted that in reality there is only perfect competition or just a pure monopoly. In practice, one can observe a large variety of different elements of market structure, presented in Table 2. Monopoly – a large company, a corporation combining several companies and are achieved by this definition (monopoly) position in the market of individual product or group of products.
In fact, almost impossible to find a situation would have acted when only one producer of goods that have no substitutes. And so in the use of this term is always there is a certain amount of reserve. In our country, the law firm may be considered dominant in the market of the product, if its share exceeds 50%-ing the amount established by the antimonopoly authority. The purpose of creation Monopoly – the most possible revenue by controlling production and sales of goods. One method of achieving this goal is the establishment of monopoly prices.
Such prices are consequence of an agreement between the monopoly, dominating the market of the product, and installed based on the calculation of obtaining the greatest possible profits from the sale of goods. One should distinguish between two kinds of monopoly prices: 1) high monopoly prices (prices charged for goods they sell), 2) monopoly low prices (the prices are set by a monopoly on buying their products). Monopoly leads to concentration of production, allocation few large producers who agree among themselves, forming a certain period of time the alliance – the union. On short-term fluctuations in demand monopoly prefer not to answer the price change, and maneuvering capacity utilization. To achieve its goals monopoly widely use the following methods of fighting: 1. The economic boycott – full or partial waiver of economic ties with outsiders (businesses, non-monopoly). Monopolies offer dependent on their customers not to buy goods of other firms, as they allegedly inferior quality. 2. Dumping – The intentional sale of goods on the "bargain" prices in order to ruin a competitor. 3. Restricting the sale of goods independent firms. 4. Maneuvering prices – monopoly raises prices on products marketed to small owners, and simultaneously applies a secret discounts and concessions in this regard for large buyers. 5. The use of financial tools to combat competitors. Identify different types of monopolies, bearing in mind the following criteria: 1. Based on the coverage of the economy: – pure monopoly (the seller has complete control over the market) – a limited monopoly (seller has partial control over the market) – an absolute monopoly (production and sale of goods concentrated in the hands of the state). 2. Depending on the nature and causes: – natural (businesses and organizations that have at their disposal rare and freely reproducible elements of production: Rare metals, fertile land, oil, gas, etc.) – a monopoly that occur during a specific agreement rival producers (cartels, syndicates, trusts, corporations, conglomerates). In our country, before restructuring of the Railway Ministry were the big monopolies: rao Gazprom. rao ues of Russia ". Railway Ministry.
Raffle – is not only fun idea, but the real goods. There are professionals who are ready to invent, sell and, most importantly, they are customers. And most of them are solid people with a certain weight society: the organization of the draw – a rather expensive exercise. Interestingly, in Moscow and St. Petersburg have different approaches to the organization of this kind of business. Primarily affects the difference in the economic climate.
If in Moscow event-agency can afford to deal exclusively with drawings, then in St. Petersburg, they were simply not enough for survival. And against the background of the organization, say, corporate events, which are usually also involved in similar company sweepstakes – a drop in the sea. According to Jana Kobeleva, director of the studio "Events, jokes, greetings, on average, willing to play his neighbor appears twice a month. In this business, you can talk about regular customers who "lead" for their friends and relatives.
Most customers have no idea how they would play each other. Therefore, to answer the question, how much does it – who knows what – will cost almost impossible. Moscow agency draws and surprises "Syureal" for suggesting ideas immediately takes the customer from $ 150 This amount is then enters the general budget of the draw, but it is as if certain guarantee the seriousness of the client in such a "frivolous" case. In St.Petersburg "PDP" such prepayment is not required to provide clients with an economy the scheme and detailed estimates of future action.
What immediately comes to mind? Explore different ways of making business cards, hand tamp "and offer this service on its City site office. Next I see the idea of "Making cd business cards and just combining several of the above ideas there is the following. Making the presentation disk for businesses and organizations in your city, a kind of interactive business cards. Take a photo of the goods or some manufactures one of the firms are adding the appropriate text (mission, benefits, services, products, contacts), make out a disc, packaging and forth. You can make a free version and go to the competitors of this firm and to offer, explaining that their competitors are using here are ways to advertise, and quite successfully. Honestly, can continue indefinitely. With the same success can be arranged at a site free classifieds for individuals (based on the idea of "Pay-board") and own virtual office, where we offer our services, produce CDs, business cards, sell affiliate products and ad space, take orders, execute them, and earn.
By the way be sure to add on this site is free rubrics: books, practical advice, just interesting information for the leisure of your visitors. Above I asked you to imagine the idea as a mere possibility, but now after we considered an example, it becomes clear that the idea is to move, it's an endless world with no means strict laws, which, incidentally, may from time to time break. And this world should try to discern and begin to build it. Slowly brick for brick, not while seeking to ideality.
The procedure itself is debt collection is often a long, laborious and difficult, cause blurred the facts in such a way that is to entrust the provision of the collection procedure and experienced competent lawyers and jurists, and not arbitrarily run business. Therefore, we suggest that in these situations to conclude with law firms, lawyers' offices and offices of the agreement representing the interests of the recovery debt. Before recoverer apply to the court, it is necessary to deal with the cause of debt. Debt can be formed on the basis of the agreement, the legal relationship associated with defaults on Contracts associated with maintenance, salaries and other areas of law. The statement of claim, to sue, it should be noted: – The name of the court where the claim is filed – who the plaintiff, the location of the plaintiff – who is the defendant, the location of the defendant – the reasons for which the plaintiff has put its claims and arguments put forward by proving the reality of the claims – a claim the plaintiff's own – the cost of the suit – a list of documents attached to the claim – Contact Information plaintiff – the plaintiff's signature and the document certifying the entitlement of the claimant.
Claim must be submitted to the court at the location of the defendant. The stages of debt collection issue of debt collection to date, taking into account global financial crisis, remains one of the most common. From dishonest employers, financial partners, has recently suffered an increasing number of businesses and individuals.
It was a year since Barack Obama became president of the United States of America. According to public opinion surveys conducted in the past month about their management, the level of acceptance of his government is fifty percent, a figure far from the seventy percent that had a year ago at the time of taking office. The motto “if we can” to be transformed into the powerful engine of the election campaign in which his great opponent defeated the now Secretary of State Hillary Clinton seems to be stuck. A speech that “caught” not only American citizenship but world public opinion that held the hope of great change if Barack Obama won the elections. On the debit side with the American people Obama has not yet been able to overcome the enormous economic crisis being experienced by United States and as a direct consequence unemployment climbs ten percent. Perhaps there undoubtedly find the root of this erosion is anticipated that engulfed the first black president in U.S. history. In the area of foreign policy discourse is a bit “fuzzy.” Latin America as a whole is still waiting for more clarity in the relations of the United States.
Although it appears that exceptions to that country such as Mexico, Brazil, Colombia and Chile, other nations seem to be a priority in its foreign policy. The quick U.S. response to the humanitarian crisis in a few days ago the Republic of Haiti, think positive, although international voices have been raised against him.
It takes a governess. How to select among the many contenders for the governess child? How to avoid mistakes when interviewing a candidate for the post of governess and find the very – the best Mary Poppins for her child? At that attention must be paid at the interview a candidate for the nanny or governess, to discuss in advance what points? For some features of selected candidates for governesses? And what features should be have a good governess? In the survey governesses for further recommendations in their family, we start from a few basic criteria. Governess should have special education – special secondary teacher or senior teacher. It all depends on the age of the child and the requirements for the parents to the employee. Sometimes you just need to stay with the baby, feed him, ie, pouhazhivat, it seemed – would, without any training Occupation.
But with any form of communication learning and child-rearing is a constant. Therefore, the overriding quality that must have a governess – a literate speech. Of course, the selection of candidates for governess to pay attention to their personal qualities. Let us just at a psychological portrait of a governess. The face of the governess includes certain appearance and behavior, for example, a positive outlook on life.
And, of course, required qualities that are directly relevant to a contact with a child – empathy, the ability to feel the child and his mood, openness and creativity of thought. Of how creative personality is a governess, her success depends in contact with the child. Such a governess come out of any situation with a positive, it will always be interesting for the child. For the governess is very important and high self-control and special sense of responsibility. Main motivation, the foundation of the image governesses and nannies – this is unconditional love to the kids, a full understanding of the child. Not because he's nice and pretty, but because he – the child.
On July 16, 1813 declared as the official declaration of independence from the former province of Cundinarmarca, a day after Don Antonio Nari o, as president of the state of the same name, created the flag and coat today are symbols of this department . The flag, which in September of that year officially replaced that of Spain, consisted of the colors blue, yellow and red roasted.The shield, which served to all Cundinamarca, ie what is now Colombia, is a circle with an eagle has a sword and a grenade in his claws, the Phrygian cap, so popular in heraldry, and three pieces of broken chain, above the inscription Gobo. Free and Idepte. of Cundinca. This shield served as a national symbol until 1816, then was replaced by that of United-Privincias due to the civil war against the Federalists in Camilo Torres head to the consolidation of the Great Colombia, a coat of this part of the Union. Back then took up the marking of the Republic of Colombia.Long after the dissolution of Gran Colombia, the shield was closed while the country was again called New Granada. Would reappear in 1857, when it formed the State of Andhra Pradesh and has since been a symbol of the department. 16th July: Day of Cundinamarca, home beaten.