Mikhail Bulgakov's life was not easy. More than once he found himself in a desperate situation, experiencing the collapse of the vague hope of recognition and success. The man who brought Russian literature in the XX century worldwide fame, his life's journey graduated from the modest librettist and consultant of the Bolshoi Theater. At that time, in March 1940, thirteen of Bulgakov's plays and dramatizations of the Art Theater went on only two: "The days of Turbine" and "Dead Souls" and the main product Bulgakov – the novel "The Master and Margarita" has more than a quarter century had to wait for a meeting with your readers. Known to the public during his lifetime as a writer acclaimed "Days of Turbine," writer became more legend to the extent that, as with playbills and on the pages of literary publications his name disappeared. Only in the 60s when it was finally published, most Bulgakov works gradually became manifest genuine Figure literary biography.
The son of a professor of the Kiev Theological Academy, country doctor – a graduate of the University of Kiev – began his practice in the hospitals of World War I, where life was a powerful charge pacifism. Then – st hospital in the village of St. Nicholas of Smolensk province, and later – municipal hospital in Vyazma, where he led the October revolution Bulgakov, 1917. Next – the vicissitudes of civil war, returning to his native Kiev, fourteen times from hand to hand, sequential mobilization of almost all the warring armies in the Ukraine. In one of his first feature articles that appeared in November 1919 in a busy Denikin troops Terrible, Mikhail Bulgakov, one year before the evacuation of the Crimea and the end of the White movement in Southern Russia to be extremely accurately described the tragedy of the future of the country.
These lines are written as if today: "We will have to pay for past incredible difficulty, severe poverty of life. Pay and in a figurative and literal sense. Pay for the March Madness days, crazy days of October, for samostiynyh traitors, for the wickedness of the workers in Brest, for an insane use machines for printing money … for everything! And we will pay. And just when it's already too late, we'll start again Khoi-create that, to become full, so let us again in the Versailles hall. Who will see these bright days? We? Oh no! Our children, perhaps, perhaps, and grandchildren, because the scope is broad and stories of the decade it just as easy to "read" as well as some years. And we, the representatives of the unlucky generation, dying back in the rank of wretched bankrupt, will be forced to tell our children: – Dresses, honest and always keep in mind the social revolution! "Revolution Bulgakov, like many of his countrymen, could not be taken as a very formidable given, which is now, willy-nilly have to coexist. And the diary, who was in the mid-20s, the writer gave the characteristic title: "Under the fifth." And in this tragic combination of moral opposition to the revolution and the need to somehow to adapt to life in her view is created, perhaps one of the major contradictions of Bulgakov's work. H, as a writer, Bulgakov was the revolution owes its birth. It is no accident, he clearly aware of the need to find artistic expression of the created adeksvatnoe revolution era.