The myth is the foundation of life, the immemorial schema, the pious formula in which life flows when it plays its traits out of the unconscious – THOMAS MANN the universal myths of Eden, falling, or of the flood, or the Greeks of Oedipus, Prometheus and Dionysus, or Americans, or the modern of the noble savage, have been created since time immemorial to explain not only the origin of the universe, but to give an account of our existence, and explain the complex plot in which we are involved. Ecological movements today offer us new myths, so the hypothesis of GAIA (Greek goddess of the Earth, the wide bosom, eternal and unwavering support of all things, according to Hesiod), it is a good reason to see the earth not as a machine according to the current model, but as a living, self-regulated body that must be looked after. The mythical resource allows us the knowledge of both normal and pathological human beings, it has served as support to psychiatry and psychoanalysis; without their contribution, Freud He had not desentranado the famous Oedipus complex. Faced with depleted rationalism, and the dull life of consumerist and technocratic society, myths open us a wide field of knowledge of man and the universe. Humans are creators of myths, mitopoieticos, (from the Greek poiesis, creation) beings, and mythologies reveal the identity of the human soul. Indeed, except for the difference in names, the fabulous characters are identical, moved by the same passions, and the same instincts, entrusted with similar attributes, even when circumstances of environment and race print variety to their physiognomies. (Joseph Campbell). Utnapishtin and Noah, Osiris and Quetzacoatl, Hermes and mercury, the Greek Zeus and the American Manitou, the Scandinavian Walhalla or Hellenic Olympus, are some of their most notable examples; In short, it is not literally believe in them, but give them an existential interpretation.