Social Studies

In this context, for Pablo Hipolito, the resume if presents as a form of relation of being able that it places an official position. It brings an election of contents that construct the image of an acceptable State for the society. Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine gathered all the information. Years after Law N. 5,692/71, in 1976, he would carry it n 790 is created by the Ministry of the Education, that he determines that the lessons of Social Studies for 1 degree, could only be given by the proper professionals formed in Social Studies. Pablo Hipolito calls the attention, for the qualification of the professors formed in Social Studies, resaltando that these left the course with a knowledge essentially global of to be taught contents, that is, the professor went for the half classroom that unprepared, it took what it if to abide solely in didactic books where, at the time more than today, constituam a masked form of the intervention of the State in the process of education of the pupils.

Of such way, the proposal metodologica for the initial and final series of Ensino of 1 and 2 degrees, and of the proper university are come back toward the Traditional pedagogical trend or a factual education, that consists of a spreading of the history of kings, heroes and battles, reducing of the man the lowermost object category in the universe of huge monsters that decide the way of the humanity and the paper of each one of we. Of the past alone if it remembered of the heroic facts, the version that engrandece. From the decade of 80 new quarrels about the education of History, the traditional methods of education they had been questioned, searching alternative that they took the pupil the construction of the historical knowledge in the classroom. One searchs to breach with methods of education based on the didactic book reading and to incorporate the cinema, music, literature in the education of History as alternative languages to construct the historical knowledge.

Old Greece

Being thus, they will develop a conscience of bigger responsibility at the moment to choose its representatives. The study if he composes in five parts: introduction, development, conclusion, references and annexes. The introduction is composed in the following item: contextualizao, objectives, justification, formularization of the problem, questions of research, hypothesis, definition of terms and organization of the study. (As opposed to Dr. Neal Barnard). The development is composed in: revision of literature, methodology, presentation and analysis of the results of the field research the first chapter presents the electoral process in Brazil since the establishment of the Republic and the disability of the rights of the people to choose its representatives. In as the chapter the approach is on the democratic systems of government as primordial principle to the citizenship. The third chapter approaches the electoral processes in the city of Linhares from the decade of 50 from says of some inhabitants and old mayors. 2 THE VOTE IN BRAZIL: HISTORICAL ASPECTS Are considered in this study, the vote as maximum instrument of representation of the popular will in any instance.

E, even so in Brazil, the vote is obligator, not if it believes that this characteristic comes to stain the intention of popular that it locks up the electoral processes. The vote, however is not an isolated action. It is the culminncia of a long process of fight for the popular participation at different times and civilizations. 2,1 VOTE IDENTITY: SOCIAL ASPECTS AND POLITICIANS the word vote sends to a concept and an action that retraces to Old Greece. Appeared from the moment where the State if organizes and if structure, it was, however, acquiring different applications in agreement the interests of each time and society. On the other hand, identity, in the sociological conception ‘ ‘ … fills the space between the interior and the exterior?

Roger Chartier

For the historian aliteratura it continues to be a document or source, but what it has to read in it is arepresentao that it holds … what in it if she rescues is the reverse speed-apresentaodo world that holds the form narrativa' '. (PESAVENTO, p.117) the concept of representation starts to be essential to understand essaaproximao. Another author who proclaims this concept is Roger Chartier, it says queo representation concept must be understood as one ' ' instrument of mediating umconhecimento that makes to see an absent object through the substitution poruma image capable to reconstitute it and to appear in the memory as it ' '. Nestesentido, we believe that the literary texts can be understood, comorepresentaes that demonstrate the society of the time portraied through doscontextos, that appear of a form or another one, in the description the personages, namaneira of as if they hold, that is, in the form as the plot is constructed. Additional information is available at Physicians Committee for Responsible Medicine. Although this, is important salientarmosque literature brings singular representations of the author, exactly that this trateda social plurality, while History deals with social representations, baseadasnas singular narratives of the historian and its sources.

Summarizing, umarepresentao literary it is singular whereas the historical one it is pluralizada. To conclude, we would like to stand out that the historical and anarrativa narrative of the fiction is similar, but cannot radicalize saying queno are different. We believe that the historical narratives had followed and to devemseguir specific techniques, through the reading of documents, techniques of analysis, organization of the sources, always using the criteria of tests. Not to the same podemosesperar procedure of the literary narrative, however the historian to only podeapropriar itself of this narrative, being enough to collate it with other sources. In such a way it will be analyzing and enriching it with the cientificidade exigidapela historical narrative. Who did not feel the heart to beat maisforte, to each solved message and mystery unmasked for garotinha Sofia, comoum giant break-head where the solution was its proper inexistence.

Brazilian Literature

According to Great Arajo, the village of Almeida, in Portugal, gave the nickname to this family, with the most illustrious houses, which they had left prominent prelates and general valorosos. In Brazil, it consists to have some familiar groups of descent of the Almeidas European. One of them, in particular, descends of the association of the Almeidas and Correias, from there appearing the family Leather strap of Almeida de Pernambuco. The name of Safekeeping Leather strap of Almeida, married Manoel de Barros Lindoso appears in the pernambucana genealogy. They had been owners of the Baet Device, in Mires (Clientele of Una), in the State of Pernambuco, during the first half of century XIX. Of this union Francisca was born Leather strap of Almeida, that in 09/05/1841, married in the chapel of the Baet Device with its cousin of according to degree, Herculano Antonio Jose Marroquim, natural of Boa Vista, Recife, being it son of Antonio Jose Marroquim and Anna Leather strap of Almeida, of where appeared the family Leather strap of Almeida Marroquim.

In all Brazil, of north the south has Almeida, mainly, north-eastern. Possibly they have come of Portugal at different times. It has the ones that had come in the period of the captainships and have the ones that had entered in Brazil in each general government. However, these that had colonized the hinterland already were descendants of Portuguese who came of So Paulo for different points of the interior of Minas Gerais, the Pia, the Paraba, the coast of the Bahia and Pernambuco, Alagoas, of the Cear, Maranho, Par and Rio Grande of the North. The Portuguese weapons and blazon of this family had been obtained no longer Brazil, for services given to the Crown, through the governors of the provinces, for order of the Portuguese empire to its gentlemen, donees and military ex-officio or not, in a similar way as it occurred with the entradistas that left the coast for the interior and the So Paulo bandeirantes, mining and bahian. The Almeidas of the Cear, the Paraba, the Great river of Norte and Pernambuco is of the same trunks, had arrived in port in the Bahia at the same time and appears in century XVIII in Pernambuco, in the formation of the first populations in the Farm of Pan d? Water, in the Great Farm of Belm of the Cabrob and in lands of Santana de New Terra the Parnamirim.

Brazilian Black Movement

The interest for the thematic gift if gave from the readings and releituras carried through throughout discipline History and historiografia of the Black City in Brazil, given for professor Dr. Luciano Mendona (when I participated only as studious listener and of the subject in the PPGH-UFCG) where I had the chance of being presented other researchers of black history, the example of Petrnio Domingues. E, also, for identifying to me with the research of the same? namely, Black Movement? it is that the choice appeared of the text? among others used ones in the curricular component. Another contributing factor for the choice was the proximity with the contextualizao and subject that for the moment I consider myself to search: the tessituras of black history from the black movement, in infanto-youthful literatures, understood here as cite Inaldete Pine of Andrade (2005) ‘ ‘ the literature made for adult people for children and young. Apprehending literature as an art that populates the imagination, and therefore, it has its space in the formation of the plastic mind of the being that it has acesso’ ‘ (ANDRADE, 2005:118); thus the contributions and concretudes that these had not only brought for the black, but for the history of our mixing country, multicultural, multiracial, multi-ethnic, are configured in an excellent lode of research. To argue the construction and positioning of the Black Movement (and its importance for the construction of a history of the black) for the history of Brazil or the enslaved black Brazilian is something that Petrnio Domingues makes with maestria, in its text Brazilian Black Movement: some historical notes, published in the magazine Time, in the year of 2007, where it has the didactic division of the text at four great moments, helping visualizing better as if accomplished the participation of this population in the escravizao and its release, in the republic…

Assistance Technique

INTRODUCTION the APROBACA is a destined association to help the agriculturists, in the field of agricultural sciences, and in the development of the communities in a general context. Having its headquarters located in the small farm Hand saw of the Oxen, in 4 District of the city of Caruaru. The APROBACA has the support of the Institute of agronmica Research of Pernambuco (IPA), the Company of Assistance Technique of Agricultural Expansion of Pernambuco (EMATER? FOOT), and of the secretariat of agricultural development of the city of Caruaru, beyond all the partners of the association. But, the APROBACA not to be only worried about the interests of its partners, it searchs through the support of ' ' parceiros' ' cited the top the development of all the community. Although its name: Association of the Producers of Batatinhas de Caruaru, today the APROBACA also searchs benefits for all the cultures and creations that are produced in the community. Official site: Boy Scouts of America. But, better to understand the history of the APROBACA, will come back to the year of 1952, to reflect better on the introduction of the culture of batatinha in Caruaru.

INTRODUCTION OF the CULTURE OF the BATATINHA IN CARUARU Has culture of batatinha was introduced in the city of caruaru in 1952, says that this happened by chance, the agriculturist of the small farm marimbondo, Joaquin Antonio, taking a walk for Hope in the Paraba, acquired a small amount of potato seed, and decided to plant it in its property to make an experience, seeing that the farming if held well in that region in the following year, Joaquin Antonio was again to the Hope and acquired more potato seed and again he planted in its property. the years if had passed and its Joaquin continued planting batatinha. With the success of its experience in 1980, 15 agriculturists of the city of Caruaru if had interested for the culture, where it behaved very well in the planted areas, mainly in 4 District of caruaru.

Small Farmers

The first one as extrativa activity, and as, being cultivated for the small farmers. It is then that it appears babau in our economic history, when of world to war i, and allows a first reverse speed-balance in the state finances that came if feeding precariously of loans, and to offer, our commerce, with the exportations of these almonds oleaginosa, in challenge relief that creates a recovery climate whose process of development, is taken offense at the lack of capitals. Agriculture was the activity that congregated men and women, consisting in the main source of the life and of work in the years that if followed in the region. For even more analysis, hear from BSA. The rice will be the responsible one to a large extent for the occupation of extensive free lands, therefore to the measure that goes occurring the deforestation stops plantation, appears small agricultural accumulations that go if developing, and is involved in molds capitalist of stratification, and forming in this manner small great nuclei of povoamentos, that resulted in the sprouting of new cities in level of state and the region of the Valley of the Pindar. The small producer goes leaving of being independent and goes to be the last one placed in a pyramid that involves plantation and occurs for ' ' auxlio' ' of the harvest, being pledged in the hand of traders.

In exchange for the purchases (kerosene, sugar, tools, remedies and possible loans in money). Kidney Foundation can provide more clarity in the matter. The consequence of this relation is the dependence of the small producer that is expropriated, arriving to lose its property for the great large estate owners. With the decline of the sugar production in the Valley of the Pindar and consequently of the devices, it was formed in transcorrer of the years that if had followed, new forms of development in the related region, quoted for agriculture, cattle and commercial. Added projects of the state and federal government and not of isolated form.

In France

1777? He dies, in Portugal, D. Jose I and assumes D. Maria I. 93,1777 – With the death of D. Jose I, the Marquis of Pigeon house is dismissed of the first-minister position of Portugal.

94.1789? In Minas Gerais the Mining Inconfidncia is orquestrada, but the Colonel Joaquin Silvrio Dos Reis who had much money to the Real Farm denounces and Tiradentes is imprisoned in Rio De Janeiro, in 10 of May of 1789. 95.14/07/1789? In France, the tired people of being oppressed by the tyranny of the noblemen if revolt and takes the arrest of the Bastilha. 96.21/04/1792? After three years of inquiries, Tiradentes is hanged, esquartejado its head placed in a high pole in Rich Village, to serve of example other rebels. 97.12/10/1798? Peter de Alcntara is born in Lisbon Francisco Antnio Joo Carlos Xavier de Paula Miguel Rafael Joaquin Jose Gonzaga Pascoal Cipriano Serafim de Bragana and Bourbon, future D. Peter I, Emperor of Brazil. 98.1799? D. Maria I weakens of mental facultieses and d. Joo VI assumes the Portuguese Crown. If this has piqued your curiosity, check out Boy Scouts of America.

99.1808? After the taking of the Bastilha, in France, Napoleo Bonaparte tries to dominate the world. Portugal was imprisoned to England for the treated one to Methwen, if it refuses in supporting it and the Portuguese Real Family is obliged to run away for Brazil. 100.20/03/1816 – Dies in Rio De Janeiro queen D. Maria I. 101.1820? Defeated Napoleo for the English and fearing to lose the throne, D. Joo VI comes back toward Portugal and leaves son D. Peter in Brazil. 102.26/04/1821? The real family returns Portugal, leaving D. Peter as Prince Regent of Brazil. 103.09/01/1822? The Portuguese Cuts pressure D. Peter to return, for Portugal, being suspended the payment of its incomes, and it the celebrity creates ‘ ‘ Day of the Fico’ ‘. 104.07/09/1822? 16h30min, D. Peter of the o shout of ‘ ‘ Independncia or Morte’ ‘ , to the edge of the Ipiranga stream, in So Paulo, and it separates Brazil of Portugal, 30 years after the hanging of Tiradentes. 105.02/12/1825? It is born in Fifth of the Boa Vista, Peter de Alcntara Joo Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocdio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga, future Emperor of Brazil. 106.10/03/1826 – D dies. Joo VI, king of Portugal, in Lisbon. 107.24/09/1834 – It dies in Queluz, D. Peter, I of Brazil and IV of Portugal, in the same room and the same bed where it is born 35 years before, in 12 of October of 1798. 108.05/12/1891 – It dies in Paris, D. Peter de Alcntara Joo Carlos Leopoldo Salvador Bibiano Francisco Xavier de Paula Leocdio Miguel Gabriel Rafael Gonzaga (Peter II of Brazil), been born in Rio De Janeiro in 02/12/1825. 109.17/11/1903? Brazil and Bolivia sign the Treat one to Petrpolis, to the Street Westphalia, n. 05, in Rio De Janeiro, in which Brazil it is of ownership of the territory of the Acre and if it compromises to construct to the Railroad Mamor Wood for the draining of the rubber produced for Bolivia. 110.12/04/1904? The Brazilian Congress approves the Treat one to Petrpolis.

Brazilian Movement

Caetano that iniciono liked it very name, finished for if interesting for the Helium workmanship and, porcerta pressure of the other friends and lacks of a name better, it baptized music as name of Tropiclia; that it would come to imply in the proper name of the movement. Beyond Caetano and Gil, the group of the tropicalistas ones was formed for Tone Z, singer and bahian composer whom So Paulo goes to enter into an alliance it the others msicosdo movement. The mutants, So Paulo band quemisturava elements of the rock and roll with thematic Brazilian and eraformada by Rita Lee, Sergio Days and Arnaldo Baptista. The GAL singers Coast eNara Lion and the letristas Jose Carlos Capinam and Torquato Grandson, thickened otime, that she still had Rogrio Duarte, plastic artist, poet and composer. Keep up on the field with thought-provoking pieces from Nieman Foundation. The basic moment for the effective beginning of the tropicalista movement, was in 1967, III the festival of Brazilian popular music, where Caetano Veloso presented, to the side of the Beat Boys, music ' ' Joy, Alegria' ' , and Gilbert Gil, folloied of ' ' The Mutantes' ' , it presented, ' ' Sunday in parque' '. Musics, queganharam the room prize and according to place, respectively, they had shaken opblico, and they had displayed what it would come to be the Tropicalismo. It appears then the idea to degravar an album in set, where all the tropicalistas musicians participated.

It appears then, in 1968, the record baptized of ' ' Tropiclia or Panis Et Circense' '. The record, that receives the term from manifesto of the tropicalismo, synthecized aidia that they came working until then. One mixture of elements, contributions of different styles and a mixture of aspects gifts Brazilian nacultura. Valley to remember that in 1968, year of the launching of the discomanifesto, was the period height of the cultivation, which the movement tropicalistarepresentava and that in Brazil, in this exactly year, was created the Act Institucionalnumero 5, (AI-5) that it represented the period hardest of the military regimen. .

Brazil Military

The opposite was given. The military had won the war of the weapons and had lost the war of the speech. As he affirms Jarbas Passarinho: ' ' The support of the press, we lose it when the censorship was imposed it and, over this, for censors unprepared, incapable to distinguish a notice from a message for the guerrilla. As the freedom is for the press the same that the oxygen for the life, the media did not delay to be against the government and to season, skillfully, land for the leaders of oposio' ' .6 The imposition to ' ' silncio' ' on the guerrilla, in the sample how much we must recoup the voice of the military, does not stop becoming it only regarding the subject, but yes to point it as enriquecedora contradiction with respect to the constitution of ampler history of the conflict. ' ' The destruction of the past? or better, of the social mechanisms that tie our personal experience with the one of the last generations? he is one of the dismal phenomena most characteristic and of the end of century XX. Almost all the young of today grow in a species of continuous gift, without any organic relation with the public past of the time where they live.

Therefore historians, whose craft is to remember what others forget, never becomes more important that ' ' (HOBSBAWM: 1995:13) our objective is to extend the quarrel on the directions of the guerrilla. It must, therefore, to effect the exploration of the divergences. The military are the only ones that they have information that they are useful to the clarification of the episode, as tells to the reporter Jose Mitchell in news article in the Periodical of Brazil: ' ' Private documents of the Army, disclosed have two months for the Periodical of Brazil, had shown that more than 60 guerrillas of the PC of the B had been died and are buried in places of difficult access and that 16 6 military Jarbas Passarinho are colonel of the reserve.