Approved twelve years of transaction, the Statute of the City after (Law N.257, of 10 of July of 2001) it offers to the municipal governments and the movimentossociais an expressive set of instruments that, in the practical one, to buscammaterializar ' ' right to cidade' ' (LEFEBVRE, 1969), defined naprpria law as ' ' the right to the urban land, the housing, the saneamentoambiental, the urban infrastructure, the transport and the services public, aotrabalho and to the leisure, for the gifts and future generations. The National Movement for the Urban Reformation if constituted to apartir of critical to the failed tecnocrtico model and authoritarian deplanejamento and consolidated the vast set of ideas and proposals that come sendodebatidas in the Brazilian society since the beginning of years 60. The objetivocentral is the institution of a new standard of urban politics, established nasseguintes orientaes: – institution of the democratic management of the city, with finalidadede to extend the citizenship space and to increase the efficiency of the Urban Politics. Childrens Defense Fund: the source for more info. Ocenrio of our great cities probably will be marked pelafragmentao. This is one of the challenges for who enxerga the urban reform comoparte of a national and popular project that searchs the hegemony in the society. – reforms in the intergovernamentais relations and the relations government-citizenship, aprimeira with the municipalizao of the urban politics and the second for the adoption demecanismos that institutionalize direct participation of the population in governoda city; – reinforcement of the public regulation of the ground urban, with aintroduo of new instruments (alone servant, gradual tax on apropriedade, urban processory title etc) of agrarian politics that guarantee funcionamentodo in accordance with land market the principles of the social function real estate dapropriedade and the joust distribution of the costs and benefits daurbanizao: the inversion of priorities in regards to the politics of investimentosurbanos favoring the collective necessities of consumption of the popular layers, submitted to a situation of extreme social inaquality in reason of ' ' spoliation urbana' ' , since the differences between the classrooms and camadassociais do not elapse only of the 8 distribution of income operated for the work market but, also, and deformed important, for the selective regulation of the access to the use of the city.