The coming of the Royal family allowed a new break with the previous situation. To prepare ground for its stay in the Brazil, D. Joao VI opened military academies, schools of law and medicine, the Royal Library, botanical garden and the Royal Printing House. Education, therefore, continued to be secondary. With the proclamation of the Republic, attempted several reforms that could give a new deviation, but the Brazilian education not suffered a process of evolution that could be considered outstanding or significant in terms of model. From the cultural and pedagogical point of view, the Republic was a revolution that aborted and that contenting with the change of regime, had no thought or the decision to perform a radical transformation in the educational system, to cause a cultural renovation of cultural and political, necessary elites to new democratic institutions. At this time, in a tale of the nationalist League of San Paulo in Brazil said that the primary cause of all our ills is illiteracy, which brings inevitable consequence the absence of civic and political culture, ignorance of the hygienic precepts, the inability for large number of professions, backlog in the agricultural and industrial processes that are attached.
A series of reforms were underway. Several factors contributed to the reforms: the climate of pedagogical euphoria that took account of the Brazilian society. The beginning of industrial age pressed a new direction of education; and the introduction to the Brazil of the ideals of the new school, whose theories inspired reformers. It was necessary, therefore, to examine the problems of the education from the point of view of a society in movement. It is from that sociological point of view, which was studied, the current position of the problem of the aims of education. It is that made us addressing education as an adaptation to the social environment and as a result bring to the surface the importance of a comprehensive learning.